Trilogene Seeds Educational Series | Part 1 | Vetting Your Seed Source
The U.S hemp industry has become a billion dollar industry. From oils, topicals, food and smokable products we can estimate that hemp will soon become an everyday commodity. As with any other agricultural industry, it all begins with genetics. Trilogene Seeds is here to help farmers select the right seed source to optimize their end product. The four big questions to ask your seed supplier are listed below:
Federal Seed Act
The United States Department of Agriculture first introduced a regulatory program in 1940 to provide a seed labeling requirement for agricultural seed.“An Act to regulate interstate and foreign commerce in seeds; to require labeling and to prevent misrepresentation of seeds in interstate commerce; to require certain standards with respect to certain imported seeds; and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, that this Act may be cited as the “Federal Seed Act.” The Federal Seed Act applies heavily to the industrial hemp seed industry. Seed companies must follow the guidelines set forth by the US department of agriculture as well as any additional state level regulations. When selecting a seed source for your upcoming planting season it is important your supplier follow the federal seed act. The labeling requirements set forth by the US Department of Agriculture will provide the consumer detailed information about the product inside. Germination, purity, and noxious weeds are all included in the labeling requirements and every farmer should inspect their label prior to purchasing and planting.
– Germination: Germination is defined as the development of a plant from a seed or spore after a period of dormancy. The germination percentage will help farmers determine how many seeds of theirs will actually sprout. Trilogene seeds for example has an average of 94% germination.
– Purity: Purity is defined as the difference of inert matter such as dirt, sticks etc. in the given batch of seeds. The less pure the seed is the more likely you are to run into trouble with direct seeding machinery. Trilogene Seeds average purity is 99.95%.
– Noxious Weeds: Each state has its own law governing the importation of seed, to defer the chance of any noxious weeds entering the state. It is important while inspecting your seed label that you are not bringing any noxious weeds into your area.
Certificate of Analysis
As states develop their hemp regulatory program mostly derived from the USDA standards they rely heavily on seed producers to provide a Certificate of Analysis or COA. COA’s give a breakdown of cannabinoids in a selection of dried plant material. As hemp is defined as having less than .3% total THC (THCA * .877) + THC) it is important farmers ask their seed suppliers to provide COA’s before purchasing to ensure your crop has optimal CBD content whilst staying within the acceptable THC range.
It is also very important for farmers to gather their own COA’s during the planting cycle. At Trilogene Seeds we offer our farmers five free COA’s so that we can help provide the optimal window for harvesting while ensuring a THC compliant plant.
The Right Seed for Your Climate
Not all seed is created equal when it comes to regional and climate differences. It is important for farmers to select the right seed for their region. Some seed is more suitable for indoor grows while others perform better out in the field. Autoflowers for example do well in equatorial regions while a sturdy photoperiod plant can thrive better in harsher climates. Trilogene Seeds has a seed for every climate 2-10 internationally. Trilogene genetics are in over 20 countries and counting. Our team is geared to provide our farmers with the best seed possible for their climate.
Feminized seed has become the most popular form of industrial hemp seed over the years. For CBD forward farmers it is important to ensure your seeds are feminized. Pollen from male plants can wreak havoc on your field as well as any other grows within a 150 mile radius. Trilogene Seeds suggests knowing your neighbors and inquiring about their seed source as it is important to know whether you will be positioned for pollination. Farmers can ask their seed supplier to provide feminization rates of certain batches so they can avoid a multitude of male plants. Trilogene Seeds uses a proprietary method to gain a 99% feminization rate for all of our genetics.
Trilogene Seeds Educational Series | Part 2 | Seeds, Seedlings or Clones
When growing hemp, farmers have 4 paths to choose from: seeds, seedlings, clones or tissue culture. Trilogene Seeds offer all three options and we can help our farmers choose the best path for their operation.
Seeds are generally more widely available to farmers worldwide. Many farmers choose the direct seeding method which we suggest for autoflower varieties, others may have the internal infrastructure to germinate their own seeds. Trilogene seeds are feminized and go through rigorous testing for purity, germination etc. Seeds have not been exposed to poor growing environments or go through the perils of shipping live plants. It is important for farmers to keep in mind that seeds take time to germinate and gather strong root structure so the entire growth cycle takes a bit longer when direct seeding. We highly recommend farmers follow the proper vetting procedure when choosing their seed provider to ensure they are receiving the highest quality genetics.
Trilogene Seeds offers all of our genetics in seedling form. This provides a great opportunity for farmers who lack the infrastructure to germinate their own seeds. Seeds are planted to germinate about 4 weeks before the plant date. Farmers are expected to have infrastructure to hold their seedlings as well as the proper transplanting equipment. Seedlings have a formed root structure and can be directly planted into the field. Having sprouted plants in the field may offer some comfort to farmers who face early spring weather.
Clones are a cutting from a mother plant that is in vegetative state, it is then rooted and ready for planting. It gives farmers an exact genetic copy of that plant including the sex, which guarantees an all female crop to begin with. Clones save time for farmers by not having to wait for seeds to germinate. As identical genetic copies of the mother plant they will carry the same size, taste, and productivity as the plant in which it comes from. Trilogene Seeds offers a large selection of clones to our farmers, we suggest placing orders for clones as soon as possible.
Tissue culture is a way to obtain a clean cutting, similar to a clone. The biggest difference between tissue culture and a clone is the ability to pathogen index a tissue culture cutting. When a clone gets passed around from grower to grower, it can inherit many problems including pests & pathogens. A clone will also degrade in quality over time with potency results affected.
Our tissue culture offerings are pathogen indexed 4 times a year to guarantee a very clean start, similar to starting from seed. All in all, everyone can benefit from tissue culture and it will be a supporting cast in our seed production in the future.
Trilogene Seeds has a clone, seedling, tissue culture or seed for every farmer out there. Let us know more about your region and overall operation and we will gladly help you choose the right path.